US plastic recycling rates have fallen below 6%
Based on the most recent EPA data available and last year’s plastic waste exports, the new report estimates that Americans recycled 5-6% of their plastics, up from 8.7% in 2018. But the real figure could be even lower, he added. , taking into account factors such as plastic waste collected for recycling that is “sent to cement kilns and burned”.
“The plastics industry needs to stop lying to the public about recycling plastics. It doesn’t work, it never will, and no amount of misleading advertising will change that,” said Judith Enck, who runs Beyond Plastics and served as the EPA’s regional administrator during the Obama administration. “Instead, we need consumer brand companies and governments to adopt policies that reduce the production, use and disposal of plastics.”
Although the use of plastics declined at the start of the pandemic, consumption increased alongside economic activity. Meanwhile, exports of plastic waste – which the authors say are counted in recycling figures without evidence – have plummeted following import bans imposed by countries such as China and Turkey.
Plastics production is on track to release more emissions than coal-fired power plants by the end of the decade, to research found, with the industry emitting at least 232 million tonnes of greenhouse gases every year.
Millions of tons of plastic end up in the oceans every year, ensnaring turtles and other wildlife. Even Mount Everest did not escape microplastics Pollution. The United States contributes the most to this deluge, according to a study by the National Academy of Sciences, generating about 287 pounds of plastics per person.
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At the current rate of emissions, the world will burn through its remaining ‘carbon budget’ by 2030 – putting the ambitious goal of keeping warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) irrevocably out of reach, according to the latest report of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
The EPA did not immediately respond to a request for comment on the report or why it did not release more recent recycling figures. According to the first of the United States national recycling strategythe EPA aims to achieve a 50% recycling rate by 2030. Some critics have criticized this strategy for not targeting current levels of plastics production.
According to EPA data, the country’s plastic recycling rate peaked at 9.5% in 2014, “although this number also counted materials exported from the United States as recycled when they were in large some burned or discarded,” the report said.
High recycling rates for other materials such as paper, cardboard and post-consumer metal “prove that recycling can be an effective way to recover valuable natural material resources,” the report says. “The problem is not with the recycling concept or process, but with the material itself – it is plastic recycling that has always failed.”
Plastics, the vast majority of which are made from fossil fuels, can take hundreds of years to break down. Rather than completely degrading, plastic breaks down into small pieces called “microplastics”. Over the course of a lifetime, individuals consume on average without knowing it more than 44 pounds of microplastics.
Globally, only 9% of plastic is recycled, according to the first report from the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Global Plastics Outlook, published in February. Fifty percent end up in landfills, 19 percent are incinerated and 22 percent are “mismanaged” and end up in uncontrolled landfills, burned in open pits or end up as trash.
“Despite the egregious failure of plastic recycling, the plastics, packaging and product industries have waged a decades-long campaign of misinformation to perpetuate the myth that plastic is recyclable,” the report said.
In late April, California Attorney General Rob Bonta opened investigation on the role of fossil fuels and petrochemical industries in “causing and aggravating the global plastic pollution crisis”. Bonta’s office issued a subpoena to ExxonMobil, one of the world’s largest oil companies, seeking information about its efforts to mislead consumers about the effectiveness of recycling plastics.
Not a single plastic utility item “has even been recyclable” under the legal definition set by the Federal Trade Commission”green guides“, revealed the report, including the polypropylene cups and lids touted by Starbucks.
In March, the United Nations adopted a first-of-its-kind, legally binding treaty to “end plastic pollution”. Details of the treaty will be worked out by 2024.